Egypt is one of the top tourism destinations in Africa. From Pyramids to the Valley of the Kings, the Arab Republic of Egypt oozes history. If you are considering traveling to Egypt, you should know the following about the country. Every year there are a large number of tourists who visit the country. Many of them visit during the favorable months from mid-October to May, when the weather is not as hot, to view its many beautiful sites.
Top 10 Tourist Attractions in Egypt include;
- Egyptian Antiquities Museum, Cairo, Egypt
- Pyramids of Giza, Giza, Egypt
- Khan Al-Khalili, Cairo, Egypt
- Temple of Karnak, Luxor, Nile River Valley, Egypt
- Great Sphinx, Giza, Egypt
- Valley of the Kings, Luxor, Nile River Valley, Egypt
- Citadel (Al-Qalaa), Cairo, Egypt
- Great Pyramid of Cheops (Khufu), Giza, Egypt
- Abu Simbel, Aswan, Nile River Valley, Egypt
- Saqqara (Sakkara), Cairo, Egypt
The Arab Republic of Egypt, commonly known as Egypt, is a Republic in North Africa. “”Egypt”” came via the Latin word Aegyptus derived from ancient Greek, which means ‘the name of a temple of the God Ptah at Memphis.’ Cairo is the capital of Egypt and is known as the land for learning, culture and commerce.
Geographically, Egypt borders the Mediterranean Sea and is located between Libya and the Gaza Strip. To the north of Sudan is the Red Sea inclusive of what is known as the Asian Sinai Peninsula. The total area occupied by Egypt is 1,020,000 km². The coastline of Egypt stretches approximately 2,450 km. The Egyptian terrain is a vast desert plateau, interrupted by the Nile valley and the delta.
The climate in Egypt is hot and dry due to its proximity to the equator. Winters are moderate. The Sahara desert is the world’s largest desert and is located in Egypt, as well as the Libya desert. These deserts were referred to as the “red land” in ancient Egypt. Even today, these areas are sparsely populated. Egypt has a population of approximately 77 million people. Islam is the religion practiced by majority of the people, with a small number of people that follow Christianity. Arabic is the language used widely by the Egyptian people. The majority of Egyptians are involved in agriculture and settlements can be seen along the Nile river. About half of the population lives in the urban areas.
Egypt is famous for its ancient architecture and culture. It boasts of some of the world’s most stunning ancient monuments, including the Giza Pyramids, the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings. Another modern attraction in Egypt is the Opera house, which is the only one in the Arab world.
Egypt has plenty of land, but much of it is sparsely inhabited. This leads to a situation where the vast majority lives within relatively compact urban places. As the most populous Arab nation, nearly all of people live along the Nile River, particularly in Cairo and Alexandria. Cairo in particular is one of the world’s most densely populated cities with a whopping 3,800 people per square mile and roughly 18 million in the extended city. Traffic jams are legendary to say the least.
Travelers to Egypt are almost always going to see the pyramids and various archeological remains of the Pharaohs. Just so you can sound like you know what you are talking about, here is a very brief history on the rule of the Pharaohs.
Around 3,100 BC, Mena united Egypt and became the first Pharaoh. 30 dynasties would follow and are categorized as the Old Kingdom, Middle Kingdom and New Empire. In 525 BC, the last Pharaoh was overthrown by the invading Persians. The pyramids of Giza were built during the fourth dynasty. The Great Pyramid is the tomb of Pharaoh Khufu. The Valley of Kings you will visit is only partially an accurate representation. More than a few of the sites were actually moved to higher elevations to save them from flooding caused when the Nasser Dam went into operation.
As for modern times, Egypt covers an area of roughly 386,000 square miles. The capital is Cairo with a population between 16 and 18 million people. The climate is universally dry and hot. Life is sustained almost totally by the Nile.
The people of Egypt are known as “Egyptians.” The total population is over 77 million and growing at a rate of 1.78 percent per year. 94 percent claim to be Muslim. Arabic is the official language although English and French are also spoken. 57 percent of the people are literate and life expectancy is 71 years of age.
As this overview shows, the country is unique in that it is almost totally reliant upon the Nile River. Without the Nile, Egypt would be bereft of its heritage and modern state. Fortunately, it has learned to ride herd on the longest river in the world.