Africa is a vast continent, the second largest, after Asia. Known as a dark continent, Africa is four times the size of the United States, excluding Alaska. It is the cradle of human civilization, a place with a rich history, amazing geography and climate. A diverse continent, Africa has more than fifty countries with a population of over 700 million people who speak over 1,000 different languages. As an old continent, Africa is one of the richest in terms of flora and fauna, culture and customs, and its contributions to world civilization are impressive indeed.
Africa is made up of 54 sovereign countries—the most on any continent—and is the second largest continent in terms of both land area and population.
Africa is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, by the Red Sea to the northeast, and by the Indian Ocean to the southeast. Africa is a large continent covering over 8,000 km (5,000 mi) north to south and 7,500 km (4,800 mi) east to west (not including islands). The continent is home to a wide array of people of different tribes, skin colours, religions, and cultures.
All About Africa
Are you one of the many people who think that Africa is a country. We’ve got news for you – Africa is actually a really big continent with no less than 53 countries. And the majority of Africans may be black, but that doesn’t mean they share the same culture, speak the same language or even dress the same. But there is a feeling that all the people subscribe to – it’s the pride in being called an African.
Africa straddles the equator and has many climate areas. It is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones. The climate ranges from tropical to subarctic on its highest peaks. Its northern half is primarily desert or arid, while its central and southern areas contain both savanna plains and very dense jungle (rainforest) regions. In between, there is a convergence where vegetation patterns such as sahel, and steppe dominate.
Africa boasts perhaps the world’s largest combination of density and “range of freedom” of wild animal populations and diversity, with wild populations of large carnivores (such as lions, hyenas, and cheetahs) and herbivores (such as buffalo, deer, elephants, camels, and giraffes) ranging freely on primarily open non-private plains. It is also home to a variety of jungle creatures (including snakes and primates) and aquatic life (including
The mostly desert and often landlocked nations that span the Sahara Desert
Countries in this region: Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan
The tropical Atlantic coastal nations.
Countries in this region: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cote d’Ivoire, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria, Congo, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Gambia, Togo
The heart of Africa.
Countries in this region: Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe
The nations that border the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean.
Countries in this region: Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda
Nations at Africa’s southern tip.
Countries in this region: Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe